DHCP Backups in PowerShell

Backing up a DHCP server is simple using the cmdlets Backup-DhcpServer and Restore-DhcpServer. There are a couple gotchas and while it is not as directory specific as the dns backups are I chose to use the same directories out of convenience,

:pencil: ACLs must be set to give “DHCP Server” full control over the restoration files otherwise the import fails.

:pencil: The service must be restarted prior to removing the restoration files, otherwise you get errors and no restoration occurs.



:pencil: This script utilizes my email script submodule.



A DHCP server runs a backup of itself every 60 min by default, using probably Backup-DHCPServer cmdlet. This automatic backup is located, always by default in %SystemRoot%\System32\DHCP\backup


Official docs

  • https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/powershell/module/dhcpserver/backup-dhcpserver?view=windowsserver2022-ps
  • https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/powershell/module/dhcpserver/restore-dhcpserver?view=windowsserver2022-ps

Backup-DhcpServer vs Export-DhcpServer

  • https://www.reddit.com/r/PowerShell/comments/ikb8ok/exportdhcpserver_vs_backupdhcpserver/